Well Water Treatment
For the care of well waters, there are various of choices. But, unfortunately, no one treatment option can shield you from all problems. Many good owners use a home water treatment unit to:
- Remove clear pollutants
- Take extra precautions if a family member’s immune system is compromised
- Improve the taste of drinking water
There are two types of household water treatment systems: point-of-use and point-of-entry. The bulk of the water entering a home is handled by point-of-entry systems, which are usually mounted after the water meter. Systems that operate water in batches and send it to a tap, such as a kitchen or a bathroom sink or an auxiliary faucet installed next to a tap, are called point-of-use systems.
The following are the most popular forms of household water treatment systems:
- Filtration Methods
A water filter is a system that uses a physical barrier, chemical, and biological method to extract impurities from water.
- Softeners for Water
A water softener is a system that decreases the water’s hardness. A water softener replaces calcium and magnesium ions, the ions which cause “hardness” with sodium or potassium ions.
- Systems for Distillation
Distillation is a process that involves boiling impure water and storing and condensing the steam in a separate tube, leaving behind many of the solid contaminants.
- Infection control
Disinfection is a physical or chemical mechanism that kills or deactivates pathogenic microorganisms. Chlorine, chlorine dioxide, and ozone are examples of chemical disinfectants. UV light, electronic radiation, and heat are examples of physical disinfectants.
Wells to be Maintained for Future Use
Wells that are not actually in operation but maybe in the future must be maintained in the same way that functioning well is.
Wells that aren’t in service anymore must be decommissioned. If an old well is contaminating groundwater and placing nearby wells at risk, the landowner could face liability concerns. One of the most severe concerns with old wells is that they are frequently forgotten about and allowed to deteriorate, posing a potential threat. It is necessary to retire wells that are no longer in service to:
- Protect groundwater from surface pollution
- Prevent vertical water movement between aquifers
- Eliminate a possible human and wildlife protection threat
Water wells must be correctly filled and sealed. Homeowners may be needed to contact their local Department of Environmental Protection or Water Quality Division to record the well’s retirement, depending on their state. Homeowners are encouraged to contact these organizations to learn about the procedures followed in their region.
Wells are costly to retire, and only a well water systems contractor is likely to have the required equipment. More information on plugging unused wells can be accessed from a well water systems contractor. And should be familiar with the criteria for well decommissioning (retiring) codes.